Magnesium sulphide

  • Formula: MgS
  • Hill system formula: Mg1S1
  • CAS registry number: [12032-36-9]
  • Formula weight: 56.371
  • Class: sulphide
  • Colour: white, red, or pale red brown
  • Appearance:
  • Melting point: >2000°C
  • Boiling point:
  • Density: 2680 kg m-3

The following are some synonyms of magnesium sulphide:

  • magnesium sulphide
  • magnesium(II) sulphide
  • magnesium sulfide
  • magnesium(II) sulfide

The oxidation number of magnesium in magnesium sulphide is 2.


Not available

Solid state structure

  • Geometry of magnesium: 6 coordinate: octahedral
  • Prototypical structure: NaCl (rock salt)
Crystal structure of magnesium sulphide.
Crystal structure of magnesium sulphide.

Element analysis

The table shows element percentages for MgS (magnesium sulphide).

Element %
Mg 43.12
S 56.88

Isotope pattern for MgS

The chart below shows the calculated isotope pattern for the formula MgS with the most intense ion set to 100%.


The data on these compounds pages are assembled and adapted from the primary literature and several other sources including the following.

  • R.T. Sanderson in Chemical Periodicity, Reinhold, New York, USA, 1960.
  • N.N. Greenwood and A. Earnshaw in Chemistry of the Elements, 2nd edition, Butterworth, UK, 1997.
  • F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, C.A. Murillo, and M. Bochmann, in Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Trotman-Dickenson, (ed.) in Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry, Pergamon, Oxford, UK, 1973.
  • R.W.G. Wyckoff, in Crystal Structures, volume 1, Interscience, John Wiley & Sons, 1963.
  • A.R.West in Basic solid state chemistry Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, 1999.
  • A.F. Wells in Structural inorganic chemistry, 4th edition, Oxford, UK, 1975.
  • J.D.H. Donnay, (ed.) in Crystal data determinative tables, ACA monograph number 5, American Crystallographic Association, USA, 1963.
  • D.R. Lide, (ed.) in Chemical Rubber Company handbook of chemistry and physics, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, 77th edition, 1996.
  • J.W. Mellor in A comprehensive treatise on inorganic and theoretical chemistry, volumes 1-16, Longmans, London, UK, 1922-1937.
  • J.E. Macintyre (ed.) in Dictionary of inorganic compounds, volumes 1-3, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1992.

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