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Atomic orbitals: 7g radial distribution function

Schematic plot of the 7g radial distribution function r2R7g2 (R7g = radial wave function).

For 7g-orbitals, the radial distribution function is related to the product obtained by multiplying the square of the radial wave function R7g by r2. By definition, it is independent of direction.

In addition to a number of planar and conical nodes, g-orbitals display a number of radial nodes that separate the largest, outer, component from the inner components. The number of nodes is related to the principal quantum number, n. In general, the ng orbital has (n - 5) radial nodes, so the 7g-orbitals have (5 - 5) = 0 radial nodes, as shown in the above plot. Radial nodes become evident in the higher g-orbitals.

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