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The symbols used in the following are:

• r = radius expressed in atomic units (1 Bohr radius = 52.9 pm)
• π = 3.14159 approximately
• e = 2.71828 approximately
• Z = effective nuclear charge for that orbital in that atom.
• ρ = 2Zr/n where n is the principal quantum number (5 for the 5g orbitals)
• k = various constants
Table of equations for the 5g orbitals.
Function Equation
Radial wave function, R5g = (1/900√70) × ρ4 × Z3/2 × e-ρ/2
Angular wave functions:
Y5gz4 = k × (35z4 - 30z2r2 + 3r4)/r4 × (1/4π)1/2
Y5gz3x = k × xz(4z2 - 3x2 - 3y2)/r4 × (1/4π)1/2
Y5gz3y = k × yz(4z2 - 3x2 - 3y2)/r4 × (1/4π)1/2
Y5gz2xy = k × xy(6z2 - x2 - y2)/r4 × (1/4π)1/2
Y5gz2(x2 - y2) = k × (x2-y2)(6z2 - x2 - y2)/r4 × (1/4π)1/2
Y5gzx3 = k × xz(x2 - 3y2)/r4 × (1/4π)1/2
Y5gzy3 = k × yz(3x2 - y2)/r4 × (1/4π)1/2
Y5gxy(x2-y2) = k × xy(x2 - y2)/r4 × (1/4π)1/2
Y5gx4 + y4 = k × (x4 + y4 - 6x2y2)/r4 × (1/4π)1/2
Wave functions:
ψ5gz4 = R5g × Y5gz4
ψ5gz3x = R5g × Y5gz3x
ψ5gz3y = R5g × Y5gz3y
ψ5gz2xy = R5g × Y5gz2xy
ψ5gz2(x2 - y2) = R5g × Y5gz2(x2 - y2)
ψ5gzx3 = R5g × Y5gzx3
ψ5gzy3 = R5g × Y5gzy3
Electron density = ψ5g2  