You are at: University of Sheffield » Chemistry » Mark Winter » Orbitron (atomic orbitals and molecular orbitals)
WebElements Chemdex Chemputer
Introduction Wave function Electron density Dots! Equations

Atomic orbitals: sp3 hybrid wave function

There are four sp3 hybrid obitals defined mathematically as linear combinations of component atomic orbitals, in this case 2s and 2p functions. The (1/2) factor is a normalization constant.

Table of equations for the sp3 orbitals.
Function Equation
Wave function, ψsp31 = (1/2) × (ψ2s + ψ2px+ ψ2py+ ψ2pz)
Wave function, ψsp32 = (1/2) × (ψ2s + ψ2px- ψ2py- ψ2pz)
Wave function, ψsp33 = (1/2) × (ψ2s - ψ2px+ ψ2py- ψ2pz)
Wave function, ψsp34 = (1/2) × (ψ2s - ψ2px- ψ2py+ ψ2pz)
Electron density = ψsp312, ψsp322, ψsp332, and ψsp342
Orbitron logo
Copyright Feedback The images Acknowledgments Problems? References

The Orbitron is a gallery of orbitals on the WWW

The OrbitronTM, a gallery of orbitals on the WWW, URL:
Copyright 2002-2015 Prof Mark Winter [The University of Sheffield]. All rights reserved.
Document served: Monday 28th September, 2020