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Atomic orbitals: sp3 hybrid orbital electron density

"Dot-density" plot of a sp3 (2s + 2px + 2py + 2pz) electron density function. Blue represents negative values for the wave functions and red represents positive values.

This page displays the electron density of a sp3 orbital constructed from a 2s + 2px + 2py + 2pzcombination as a "dot-density" diagram. High density of dots in a region denotes high electron density.

The form of the plot for the other three sp3 hybrids are identical, differing only in orientation.

Using JSmol

You can use your mouse to manipulate the "orbital" in the "JSmol" image above.

  • Click on the JSmol text in the above diagram to show a popup menu.
  • To rotate about the x and y directions, drag mouse around the image
  • To rotate about the z direction (which comes out of the screen towards you), hold shift and drag mouse horizontally
  • To zoom, hold shift key down and drag mouse vertically
  • To reset the image, hold down shift key and double click ony part of the image not containing dots
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The Orbitron is a gallery of orbitals on the WWW

The OrbitronTM, a gallery of orbitals on the WWW, URL:
Copyright 2002-2015 Prof Mark Winter [The University of Sheffield]. All rights reserved.
Document served: Monday 28th September, 2020