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Atomic orbitals: sp hybrid wave function

There are two sp hybrid obitals defined mathematically as linear combinations of component atomic orbitals, in this case 2s and a 2pz functions. The √(1/2) × is a normalization constant.

Table of equations for the 2p orbital.
Function Equation
Wave function, ψsp1 = √(1/2) × (ψ2s + ψ2pz)
Wave function, ψsp2 = √(1/2) × (ψ2s - ψ2pz)
Electron density = ψsp12 and ψsp22
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Document served: Wednesday 21st October, 2020