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Atomic orbitals: 5f electron density

This page addresses the 5fxyz, 5fx(z2-y2), 5fy(z2-x2), and 5fz(x2-y2) electron density functions. See below for links to images of the electron densities of the other 5f orbitals.

"Dot-density" plot of the 5fxyz electron density function ψ5fxyz. Blue represents negative values for the wave function and red represents positive values. Each of the eight lobes is identical as regards shape but each is orientated in a different direction.

This page displays the electron density of the 5fxyz orbital as a "dot-density" diagram. High density of dots in a region denotes high electron density.

The 5fxyz, 5fx(z2-y2), 5fy(z2-x2), and 5fz(x2-y2) are identical in appearance and differ only is direction. The 5fx(z2-y2), 5fy(z2-x2), and 5fz(x2-y2) orbitals can be generated from the 5fxyz orbital by 45° rotations about the x-, y-, and z-axes respectively. This is best seen when viewing all four together.

Using JSmol

You can use your mouse to manipulate the "orbital" in the "JSmol" image above.

  • Click on the JSmol text in the above diagram to show a popup menu.
  • To rotate about the x and y directions, drag mouse around the image
  • To rotate about the z direction (which comes out of the screen towards you), hold shift and drag mouse horizontally
  • To zoom, hold shift key down and drag mouse vertically
  • To reset the image, hold down shift key and double click ony part of the image not containing dots

Links to 5f electron "dot-density" functions

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The Orbitron is a gallery of orbitals on the WWW

The OrbitronTM, a gallery of orbitals on the WWW, URL: http://winter.group.shef.ac.uk/orbitron/
Copyright 2002-2015 Prof Mark Winter [The University of Sheffield]. All rights reserved.
Document served: Wednesday 21st February, 2018